The courses ARCHITECTURE – DWELLING – TOWN and ARCHITECTURE – CONTEXT – LANDSCAPE (5th Semester) are meant to introduce the current issues of the contemporary critical debate in architecture. In this respect, the course will discuss some of the themes that influenced contemporary architectural design and critique.
The first course (ADT/Sem.4) will focus on the concept of "dwelling", approached form different perspectives:
phenomenology, anthropology, as well as the architectural and the urban. These perspectives offer some key issues that provide a conceptual framework to investigate :
• the borderline between town and architecture and their common historical evolution
• the political, urban, social and architectural thought that influenced the development of modern dwelling
• specific dwelling issues (Romania and Bucharest), aiming to raise student's awareness to their own urban context
Under the theme of urban explorations, the seminars are aiming to develop and test the concepts introduced by the lectures.
- Introduction: various perspectives upon HOUSING: house/housing, the "domestic"perspective; immediate neighborhood
- The phenomenological perspective on housing and its implications in design
- The anthropological perspective: public/private; domestic/urban; the city as a mental space in between the anonimous and convivial
- Urban morphology: urban fabric, the district; typo-morphology and immediate neighborhood
- Housing / house typology as an expression of the complex house-town-inhabitants dynamics
- Urban and architectural development before the 19th century
- The 19th century and the changes in the house/city relationship; the appearance of housing policies;
- Modern thinking on urban housing – Ideological and formal models (1);
- The critique of the ideological models and their actuality
- Trends in today’s design: case studies. The "neighborhood" model as a possible chance for an organic relationship between architecture and the city.
• Modern housing in Romania. Variations of the models before and after the 2nd World War.
Seminars and practical themes:
• Urban explorations; explaining the relationship between theory and design
• Interpreting some fundamental texts about modern housing.Team work.
• Case studies on site. Strata analysis. Collective debate and final critique of the works.
Lectures / slides / guests
Seminars: visites in situ, collective debate, individual and group work, final work
practical work (seminars) 50% (condition for promoting minimum 5)
RAPOPORT, A. – Une anthropologie de la maison;
HALL, E.T. - The hidden dimension;
CHOAY, Fr. - L’Urbanisme: utopies et realites;
P.CASTEX & J.PANNERAI - Forme urbaine:de l’illot a la barre;
LAVEDAN, P. - Histoire de l’urbanisme;
BENEVOLLO, L. - Storia della citta;
FRAMPTON, K. - L’Architecture moderne – une histoire critique;
TAFURI& DAL CO - Contemporary architecture;
HALL, E.T. - Orașele de mâine – o istorie intelectuală a urbanismului;
PAWLEY, M. - Architecture vs. housing;
DERER, P. - Locuirea urbană;
ZAHARIADE, A.M. – DACIA 1300 my generation