IT-54 Comparative Architecture

The Faculty of Architecture / Architecture
5th Year, sem 1, 2022-2023 | Compulsory Course | Hours/Week: 2C | ECTS Credits: 3
History & Theory of Architecture and Heritage Conservation
Course Leader:
lect. Irina Tulbure-Moldovan
Teaching Staff:
Teaching language:
Learning outcomes:
Understanding the Romanian architecture within the western and central European architectural culture, in the broader context of political, cultural, social and economical changes during the 20th century; Understanding the contemporary perspectives in approaching the architectural heritage of the 20th century; Understanding the relationship between the different layers of the theoretical discourse and the architectural creation; Developing the abilities for the critical approach of the architectural phenomenon.
The main field of the course is the architecture of the 20th century. The course proposes a detailed approach of different architectural productions in relation with theories and concepts. Instead of a chronological timeline the course construction is following a thematic structure. The main themes discussed over the lectures are approaching the Romanian and the Eastern and Central European architectural phenomenon in the broader perspective of the western culture. Some of the main ideas discussed over the lectures are focused on: national identities, local responses to the modernist movement, parallel discourses of the modernity – tradition debate, the political dimension of the architecture, the modern architecture in terms of heritage, the traces of the socialist culture on the Eastern and Central European architecture, discontinuities and synchronization between east and west, the post-socialist condition and contemporary approaches in architecture. The course is not following the usual format, oriented towards a chronological display; the course proposes instead a focus on several particular case studies, placed in the broader context and discussed through four main themes, as part of the reference frame of territorial and geographical context: absorbing modernity; identity and architecture; architecture and politics; the present time and the (re) evaluation of the recent past.
Teaching Method:
Mainly lectures, based on visual presentation and video materials (occasionally). A summary of each course/group of courses together with bibliographical references and other materials (if considered relevant) will be posted on the UAUIM site. Discussions based on bibliography, in the second half of the semester. Students are fully responsible for accessing and reading the material and for asking for clarifications in time.
A draft of the paper will be delivered during the semester and represents a condition for attending the exam. EXAM, during the exam session.
COHEN, Jean Louis, The Future of Architecture. Since 1889, Ed. Phaidon, New York, 2012 COLQUHOUN, Alain, Modern Architecture, Oxford University Press, 2002 FRAAMPTON, Kenneth, Modern Architecture. A critical History, Thames & Hudson, London, 1992 MALLGRAVE, Sir Harry Francis, An Introduction to Architectural Theory. 1968 to the Present, Ed. Wiley Blackwell, 2012 MORAVÁNSZKY, Ákos, TORSTEN Lange, HOPFENGÄRTNER, Judith, KEGLER, Karl R. (editori), Re-Humanizing Architecture. New Forms of Comunity, 1950-1970, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2017 MORAVÁNSZKY, Ákos, TORSTEN Lange, HOPFENGÄRTNER, Judith, KEGLER, Karl R. (editori), Re-Scaling the Environment. New Landscape Design, 1960-1980, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2017 MORAVÁNSZKY, Ákos, TORSTEN Lange, HOPFENGÄRTNER, Judith, KEGLER, Karl R. (editori), Re-Framing Identities. Architecture’s Turn to History, 1970-1990, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2017 MORAVÁNSZKY, Ákos (ed.), Competing Visions. Aesthic invention and social imagination in Central European Architecture 1867-1918, MIT Press, 1997
General bibliography is available for vizualization here: Some of the titles are more directly related to particular topics/case studies (mentioned in the list of bibliography) Courses, images and summaries are available for vizualization here: Specific texts for Topic 1: (Architecture, architects and politics. Case study: workers town of Nowa Huta, Poland) are: ZECHENTER, Katarzyna, „Repositioning of post socialist narratives of Nowa Huta and Dunaújváros” în Revue des études slaves, 2015, Vol, 86, pp. 141-156 AMAN, Anders, Architecture and Ideology in Eastern Europe During the Stalin Era. An Aspect of Cold War History, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, 1992, pp. 59-146 și pp. 239-260 And they are available for visualization here: Specific texts for Topic 2: (Absorbing Modernism, Case study: Yugoslavian Pavilion at Expo ’58) are: KULIĆ, Vladimir, „An Avant-Garde Socialism: Yugoslavia at EXPO ’58” în Journal of Contemporary History, 2012, pp. 161-184 ZARECOR, Kimberly, KULIĆ, Vladimir, „Socialism on Display: The Czechoslovak and Yugoslavian Pavilions at the 1958 Brussels World’s Fair” part of the Architectural History and Criticism Commons, 2014 And they are available for visualization here: Specific texts for Topic 3 (Against Modernism, Case Study: Seventh Day Architecture - Case study: The Seventh Day architecture – the constellation of churches built in Poland, in the second half of the 20th century) are: SNOPEK Kuba; CICHOŃSKA, Izabela; POPERA Karolina, „The Architecture of the Seventh Day: building the sacred in socialist Poland” în BACH, Jonathan, MURAWSKI Michał, Re-Centering the City. Global Mutations of Socialist Modernity, 2020, pp. 117-128 SNOPEK Kuba; CICHOŃSKA, Izabela; POPERA Karolina, Day-VII Architecture. A Catalogue of Polish Churches post 1945, Ed. Dom, 2019 And they are available for visualization here: Specific texts for Topic 4 (The 90s. Present and Re-Evaluation, (Case study: Palace of the Republic, Berlin) sunt: Adrian von BUTTLAR, „Berlin's Castle Versus Palace: A Proper Past for Germany's Future?” în Future Anterior: Journal of Historic Preservation, History, Theory, and Criticism, 2007, Vol 4, Nr. 1, pp. 12-29 ROGIER, Francesca, ”The Other Parliament in the New/Old Berlin” in Thresholds, 1999, Nr. 19, pp. 7-14 And they are available for visualization here: Specific texts for Topic 5 (Transition, Post-Socialism and Beyond. Case Study: Suburbanization. Florești Cluj) are: GHENCIULESCU Ștefan, „Suburbia” și MOGA, Marius Cătălin, SISAK Camelia, SISAK Tamaș, „Gradul 0 al comunității. Cazul Florești - Cluj” în Dincolo de oraș, Ed. Zeppelin – Ion Mincu, București, 2013, pp. 178-195 VAIS, Dana, „From House to «Residence». Peripheral Growth in Post-Socialist Cluj (Romania)” în Sociologia. Restructuring the Post Socialist City, LIV, Nr. 1, 2009, pp. 57-78 (the link contains the entire volume of Sociologia, you will find the article inside) And they are available for visualization here: