IT-2 Continuity and Discontinuity within the Historic Evolution of the Architectural Phenomenon (I) - Antiquity and the Middle Ages

The Faculty of Architecture / Architecture
1st Year, sem 1, 2021-2022 | Compulsory Course | Hours/Week: 2C | ECTS Credits: 3
History & Theory of Architecture and Heritage Conservation
Course Leader:
prof.dr.habil.arh Hanna Derer
Learning outcomes:

Structuring the foundation of the specific knowledge by studying the main composition principles present at the urban scale and that of the architectural object in antique times and the Middle Ages, analyzed from the perspective offered by defining aspects of the civilizations that have conceived them.


First accumulation periods and the first results: from the beginning of the construction activity to the architecture of prehellenic civilizations (1) and (2).
Antique classicism (1): Greece – from the urban scale to that of the architectural object.
The classical antiquity (2): religious architecture of Greece – object, detail, ensemble.
Antique classicism (3): the town as shape and essence, from the Etruscan civilization to that of Ancient Rome.
The classical antiquity (4): religious architecture of Rome – detail, object, context.
Antique classicism (5): Rome – the architectural object between idea and matter.
The common denominator: early Christian architecture.
The Byzantine Middle Ages (1): abandoning and creating models.
The Byzantine Middle Ages (2): space, volume and vocabulary of religious architecture.
Intermezzo? renaissances of the Western Middle Ages.
Continuity and discontinuity in the Middle Ages of western Europe: Romanesque accumulations and the Gothic “jump” (1).
Continuity and discontinuity in the Middle Ages of western Europe: Romanesque accumulations and the Gothic “jump” (2).
The Middle Ages all over Europe: comparative analysis.

Teaching Method:



optional reduction test and final exam


E-books (as well)

Roth, Leland M.; Roth Clark, Amanda C., Understanding Architecture. Its Elements, History, and Meaning, 2018
Ching, Francis D. K.; Jarzombek, Mark M.; Prakash, Vikramaditya,
A Global History of Architecture, 2017
Harbison, Robert, Travels in the History of Architecture, 2011
Fletcher, Banister, Sir, A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method, 1953


Gympel, Jan, The Story of Architecture: from Antiquity to the Present, 2008
Roth, Leland, M., Understanding Architecture. Its Elements, History and Meaning, 2nd edition, Westview Press 2007
Ching, F., Jarzombek, M., Prakash, V., A global history of architecture, John Wiley ans Sons, Inc., New York, 2007
Moffett, M., Fazio, M., Wodehouse, L., A World History of Architecture, Laurence King ed., London 2003
Sutton, Ian, L’Architecture Occidentale de la Grèce antique à nos jours, Thames and Hudson SARL, Paris, (1999) 2001
Watkin, David, A history of western architecture, Laurence King ed., Londra 2000
Fletcher, Sir Banister, A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method, Londra, 1987
Ache, Jean Baptiste, Elements d’une histoire de l’art de batir, Paris, 1970
Mumford, Lewis, The City in History, Londra, 1961
Giedion, Sigfried, The Beginnings of Architecture, Oxford, 1964
Pevsner, Nikolaus, An Outline of European Architecture, Harmondsworth, 1943
prof.dr.arh. Sanda Voiculescu, Note de curs – antichitatea si evul mediu

Selective literature is provided at the beginning of each teaching cycle.