The purpose of this course is to present the fundamental concepts on aesthetics (of architecture) as seen from a theoretical but also historical perspective. As the different movements of modern and contemporary art and architecture have a historical nature, the theoretical perspective consists in a critical overview that aims at underlining the relevance of some fundamental concepts of the past that help us better understand the art and architecture of the present.
Introduction. The two basic questions of aesthetics. The two fundamental meanings of art: I. “Aesthetics” and “sensible knowledge” II. Art is Knowledge: mimesis. The aesthetical pleasure and the aesthetical judgment. – Art in the philosophy of the spirit – The critique of the aesthetical judgment. Architecture as a world opening. Art and modernity – “The death of art?” – The “kitsch” phenomena – The beginning of modernism, the departure from art: Loos – Avantgarde Movements (– Expressionism – The meaning of abstraction: “Abstraktion” and the cosmic dimension of art. Abstract art or “the spiritual in art”. – In-sensing (Einfühlung): the space with a spirit – The Phenomenological Method: the imagined space – The critique of a culture centered on the visuals ant synesthetic architecture. The metical and poetical foundation of inhabited space. – The place: genius loci and the concept of atmosphere.
BACHELARD, The poetics of space, Boston, 1994
BENJAMIN W., The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction : Illuminations, New York, 1969
BOLLNOW, Human space, London, 2011
FRAMPTON K., Modern Architecture: A Critical History, Thames & Hudson, 2007
GADAMER H.-G., Truth and method, New York, 1989
HEIDEGGER M., The Origin of the Work of Art: Of the Beaten Track, Cambridge, 2011
NORBERG-SCHULZ C., Genius loci: Towards a Phenomenology of Architecture, Rizzoli, 1991
PALLASMAA, The eyes of the skin, John Willey and Sons, 2005
PEREZ-GOMEZ A., Attunement: Architectural Meaning after the Crisis of Modern Science, The MIT Press, 2016
ROBINSON S., Nesting: Body, Dwelling, Mind, William Stout Publishers, 2011
ZUMTHOR P., A feeling of history, Zürich, 2018