To understand the historical developments in architecture and the urban changes within the wider landscape of cultural, social and technological changes that took place in Romania in late 19th century until the end of 20th century;
To be able to define (according to the historical context) the dynamics of the local / national thinking and practice in architecture in relation with the broader context of the global architectural culture;
To develop a set of conceptual and visual tools in analyzing architectural heritage.
This course provides an introduction to the history of modern architecture in Romania during the second half of 19th century until the end of 20th century. In order to create a more articulate vision of the architectural phenomenon, the course will explore the broader historical and cultural context emphasizing its role in the development of the architectural thinking and practice.
The lecture structure take into consideration a rough delimitation of the three main periods in the modern Romanian history of architecture: influences of the western architecture and the seek for a new expression during the late 19th century up until the beginning of the First World War; the variety of architectural directions and the assimilation of modernism in the Interwar period; the profound changes in architecture brought by the communist political system. Nuances and exceptions within the architectural development during these major periods will be discussed over the lectures, such as: the importance of the national style up until the end of the Second World War and its inner evolution; the emerge of a monumental style in the 1940s as a consequence of the political regime; the balance between modern and totalitarian architecture in the period that followed the end of the Second World War.
Each of the three main periods (1859-1918; 1918-1945; 1945-1989) will be discussed through different approaches: the general historical context, the particular context of the professional field, the transformations of the city, architectural typologies, aesthetic directions in architecture and a final particular approach based on particular case studies.
This is mainly a lecture course (based on visual presentations) with the opportunity for questions, discussions.
For the English language group, the course is scheduled on
Written exam during the exam session
BOCĂNEȚ, Anca, “Marcel Janco – Architect” in Bucharest in the 1920-1940. Between Avant – garde and Modernism, Ed. Simetria, Bucharest, 1994, pp. 97-103
CRITICOS, Mihaela, „Deco Architecture in Romania” in Art-Deco or Well-Tempered Modernism, Ed. Simetria, Bucharest, 2009, pp. 232-252
KALLESTRUP, Shona, „Cradle of the Nation? National Style Debates and Romanian Palace Design” in ANDRIEUX Jean-Yves, CHEVALLIER Fabienne & KERVANTO NEVANLINNA Anja, Ideé Nationale et Architecture En Europe 1860-1919, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2006, pp. 303-313
MACHEDON, Luminița, MACHEDON Florin, „Modern Architecture in Romania 1920-1940” in in Bucharest in the 1920-1940. Between Avant – garde and Modernism, Ed. Simetria, Bucharest, 1994, pp. 69-90
ZAHARIADE, Ana Maria, Architecture in the Communist Project. Romania 1944-1989, Ed. Simetria, Bucharest, 2011, pp. 23-75
ZAHARIADE, Ana Maria, LASCU, Nicolae, “Horia Creangă’s Architecture” in Bucharest in the 1920-1940. Between Avant – garde and Modernism, Ed. Simetria, Bucharest, 1994, pp. 104-109
USEFUL MATERIALS (PRESENTATIONS during the semester and BIBLIOGRAPHY) are available on the following link: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1UbbX_PHHgxtcaz7TOwj3-Far_s07szDC?usp=sharing
MODERN ARCHITECTURE IN ROMANIA (MCAR) EXAM 7th OF JULY 2022, 10.30, Hall A
It is mandatory for the students to present their IDs, if asked.
It is mandatory for the students to switch off their phones and other electronic devices, before the beginning of the exam.
During the exam students are not allowed to use materials of any kind (slides, texts, notes, etc.)
Not respecting the terms given will result in disqualification from the exam.