ST-81 Rehabilitation of Built Stock

The Faculty of Architecture / Architecture
5th Year, sem 1, 2022-2023 | Optional Project | Hours/Week: 3P | ECTS Credits: 3
Technical Sciences
Course Leaders:
prof.dr.arh. Rodica Crișan
conf.dr.arh. Zina Macri
Teaching Staff:
lector dr. arh. Ana Maria Mortu, lector dr. arh. Monica Mureșanu, lector dr. arh. Daniel Armenciu, asist. dr. arh. Raluca Trifa, asist. dr. arh. Andreea Prelipcean, asist. dr. arh. Oana Pavăl, asist. dr. arh. Alexandra Vișan, dr. arh. Anamaria Labo.
Teaching language:
Learning outcomes:
- Understanding existing buildings as "reusable resources"; developing awareness of the possibilities to reduce the environmental impact of construction processes by reusing existing buildings, as contribution to sustainable development. - Knowledge of the Romanian built stock and of its potential to be reused. - Acquiring the knowledge and skills needed to design rehabilitation interventions that meet contemporary aesthetic and use requirements without altering the qualities still present in the existing building substance. - Understanding the concept of "compatible use" of an existing building and exercising the ability to identify the compatible uses in a specific case.
This rehabilitation design exercise focuses on existing buildings representative for two major categories of the built stock, addressed with maximum frequency by the international practice. Students can choose one of the following themes. A. THE REHABILITATION BY ADAPTIVE REUSE OF REDUNDANT BUILDINGS This project investigates the possibilities of re-using an existing building that has lost its original use, thus becoming redundant. Starting from the analysis of the existing construction and its context, compatible uses will be identified so that contemporary use requirements can be satisfied with minimal transformation of the existing structure. Based on the selection of a compatible use, the existing construction will be redesigned using contemporary materials and technologies harmoniously integrated into the architecture of the old building so that it finds an efficient contemporary use which benefits from its qualities while correcting its deficiencies, at the same time reducing the environmental impact generated by the construction processes as well as by use. B. THE REHABILITATION OF POST-WAR APARTMENT BLOCKS This project aims to the improvement of the quality of living in collective standardized housing blocks built in Romania after WWII, specifically on typologically representative four and five-storey buildings. Starting from the analysis of the existing constructions and their context, simultaneously with the correction of the deficiencies, the project will consider the use of light metal construction for the reconfiguration of the buildings. The minimization of the environmental impact (energy consumption, CO2 emission levels) by use, will also be considered.
Teaching Method:
Guided activities: thematic lectures, feedback sessions, group presentations and debates on students work. Individual study is an important component of the project development. Where appropriate, the guidance team will be complemented by guests (designers of the apartment blocks, structural engineers, potential beneficiaries, etc.) Students will be provided with the digital surveys (AutoCad) of the existing buildings and of the ensemble they belong to. They will also be provided with relevant documentations on the construction to support the project decisions. This information will be complemented by individual study.
Continuous evaluation of the work flow and project development. Final evaluation of the delivered project, by a jury.
Crișan, R., 2019. Reabilitarea fondului construit. Note de curs, UAUIM. Dufaux, F., Fourcaut, A., 2004. Le monde des grands ensembles, Editions Creaphis, Paris Burchell, R.W., Listokin, 1981. The adaptive reuse handbook: procedures to inventory, control, manage, and reemploy surplus municipal properties, Rutgers University, Center for Urban Policy Research, New Brunswick. Conseils d’architecture, d’urbanisme et de l’environment (CAUE), Architecture et reconversion [on line]. Disponibil la: Douglas J., 2006. Building Adaptation, Routledge, London. Gardner, B., 2015. Why low carbon refurbishment is crucial for building sustainable cities [on line]. Disponibil la: Giebeler G. et al., 2009. Refurbishment Manual: Maintenance, Conversions, Extensions, Construction Manuals, Birkhäuser Architecture, Basel-Boston-Berlin. Gorse, C. and Highfield, D., 2009. Refurbishment and Upgrading of Buildings, Second edition, Spon Press, London, New York. Grammenos and Russel, 1997. Building adaptability: a view from future. Proceedings from the second international conference: buildings and the environment, June 9-12 1997, Paris, Vol. 2. Kincaid D., 2002. Adapting Buildings for Changing Uses. Guidelines for change of use refurbishment, Spon Press, London-New York. Langston, C. A., 2008. The sustainability implications of building adaptive reuse [on line] Disponibil la: Murray, C., 2012. Built Heritage Conservation and Ecologically Sustainable Development. The Heritage Council, Kilkenny. Powell K., 1999. L’architecture transformée – Rehabilitation, Renovation, Reutilisation, Ed. Seuil, Paris Riley M. and Cotgrave A., 2011. Construction Technology 3: The Technology of Refurbishment and Maintenance, Palgrave Macmillan, London. Wilson L., 2007. Lose or Reuse. Managing Heritage Sustainably, Ulster Architectural Heritage Society, Befast.