ST-25 History of Building Techniques

The Faculty of Architecture / Architectural Conservation and Restoration
1st Year, sem 1, 2023-2024 | Compulsory Course | Hours/Week: 2C | ECTS Credits: 3
Course Leader:
conf. Liviu Gligor
Learning outcomes:
The course aims to give to the students the necesary knoledge about the building methodes and techniques practiced during the history, pertinent understanding and interpreting in regional. national and international context of the process of building as a cultural gesture, to develop the professional capacity of students in order to distinguish, recognise,apreciate and evaluate the building phases of an architectural object.
Antique masonry. The Dacian-Roman constructions.
Gothic architecture. Cultural interflows in south-easten Europe.
Medieval masonry. Arces, voults. Transylvanian fortifyed churces.
Wood architecture. Vernacular architecture. Historic roofs structures.
Iron in architecture. The use of iron on the Romanian territory, an echo of the international practices.
Reinforced concrete and its speciffic uses in the architecture of the XIX and XX centuries.
Contemporqary integrative building systems: wood, glass, steel, concrete and the consequences in the build patrimony.
Teaching Method:
Digital illustrated presentations, guided visits at patrimony objectives. Practical exercise on a modell.
Theoretivcal examination and modell presentation.
• Balint, Szabo - Illustrated dictionary for historic roof structures, Ed. Kriterion&Utilitas, 2005, Cluj;
• BALLARD Bell, V.; RAND, Patrick - Materials for Architectural Design, Laurence King Publishing, London 2006;
• BUTTON, D.; PYNE, B. - Glass in Building - Pilkington Glass Limited, Oxford London
Boston Munich New Dehli Singapore Sydney Tokyo Totonto Wellington, 1993;
ADDIS, Bill - Building: 3000 Years of Design, Engineering and Construction, Phaidon Press Limited New York, 2007;
• COWAN, J., Henry; SMITH, R., Peter - The Science and Technology of Building Materials, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1988
• DAMÉ, Frederic - Essey for Folk Romanian Terminology, with 300 engravings, Ed. Vestala, București, 2006;
• DERER, Hanna - Sibiu: Architecture in the Barocque epoque, Ed. Universitară Ion Mincu, București, 2002;
• GLIGOR, Liviu - IRON in the Romanian Architecture,. Ed. Universitară Ion Mincu, București, 2003;
• MATEESCU, Dan, CARABA, Ioan - Metallic Construtions, Ed. Tehnică, București 1980;
• MOROIANU Dinu, ȘTEFAN, I., M. - The Vital-fire, Pages from the history of Romanian inventions and discoveries, Ed. Științifică, București, 1963;
• STEOPOE, Al. - Building Materials, Ed. Tehnica, București, 1965;
Palladio A. - Four Books of Architecture, Edition presented by arh. R. Bordenache, Ed. Tehnica, Bucuresti., 1957;
• VITRUVIU, P. - On Architecture , Ed. Academică RSR, 1964;
• WURM, J. & CO - Glass Construction Manual, Birkhauser Edition Detail, Basel Boston Berlin 2003;
* * * Technical Illustrated Encylopedia, Ed. Teora, București/Sibiu, 1999;

and on subject self interest documetation of the course followers
The course sets the the accent on the regional practical experiences in illustrating the the history of building techniques presented in an international setting.