IT-5 Continuity and Discontinuity within the Historic Evolution of the Architectural Phenomenon (II) - from the Renaissance to Romanticism

The Faculty of Architecture / Architectural Conservation and Restoration
1st Year, sem 2, 2022-2023 | Compulsory Course | Hours/Week: 2C | ECTS Credits: 3
Department:
History & Theory of Architecture and Heritage Conservation
Course Leader:
prof.dr.arh. Mihaela Criticos
Learning outcomes:

Using usual words
Presenting the main directions of the specific research by analyzing the architectural phenomenon starting with the Renaissance until the times of revival, by “case studies” approached within the civilization and cultural frame of western Europe.

"Learning Outputs" (in "official" words)

Knowledge
As the second one for this field, the lecture equally stresses the absorption and integrated cumulation of knowledge (but simultaneously supports the development of certain abilities as well – see below).
- assimilation and integrated cumulation of knowledge regarding the history, theory and philosophy of architecture, the preservation of built cultural heritage, as well as arts, technologies and adjoint humanities, as factors able to define the quality of architectural designs;
- assimilation and integrated cumulation of knowledge regarding the history, theory and philosophy of architecture, the preservation of built cultural heritage, as well as arts, technologies and adjoint humanities, as factors able to define the quality of urban planning designs;
- assimilation and integrated cumulation of knowledge regarding the bearing / supporting structure, building physics, building technologies and equipment able to ensure comfortable interior spaces;
- assimilation and integrated cumulation of knowledge regarding the relationship between human beings and architectural products, between the latter and their surroundings, the architect’s vocation, and function within society,
and by all these,
- assimilation and integrated cumulation of knowledge regarding the architectural and urban planning design process, as defined by functional, structural, aesthetic and efficiency requirements.

Abilities
As the second one on history of architecture, the lecture stresses the development process of abilities – i.e. the capacity of reasoning in a field specific manner i.e. researching and valuating the architectural object, ensemble and the square like urban planning unit – regarding
- the analytical approach of the architectural object,
- the synthetic approach of the architectural object seen through the lenses of the architectural style it represents (as style is understood as a complex manifestation of a given historic stage), as well as regarding
- the approach process of the architectural phenomenon within its (historic) context,
by pursuing a higher development of the ability
- stylistic assess the essence behind the shape.

Responsability and autonomy
By (its own) nature, the field (history of architecture) and the lecture supports individual study and hence
- the raise of professional autonomy,
while by the way it is organized and progresses, the lecture – up to the last teaching gesture consisting in fulfilling the valuation questionnaire that used to comprise a rather large area for students to directly formulate their thoughts – supports as well
- the development of the personal capacity to take responsibility.
Unfortunately, as the given questionnaires are anonymous, the efforts made for this very last goal are partially in vain.

Content:

Titles of the lectures
1. European and Italian preludes: from Vitruv to the Italian proto-renaissance
2. The cradle of early Renaissance: Florence – tradition and innovation in the architecture practice: Filippo Brunelleschi
3. The relationship between architecture theory and practice: the work of Leon Battista Alberti
4. The spreading of the early Renaissance: Lombardia, Urbino, Veneto
5. Centralization and dogma: Rome – the capital of high Renaissance during the time of
Donato Bramante
6. The vulnerable centre – form and reformation of the content: Renaissance, mannerism and early baroque in the work of Michelangelo Buonarotti
7. Stable and unstable tradition: the late Renaissance in and by the work of Andrea Palladio
8. Reborn centre / centres: counter-reformation – content and form of the baroque:
Gianlorenzo Bernini and Francesco Borromini in Rome, Guarino Guarini in Turin
9. Birth of the modern urban planning – urban space in the Baroque age
10. The spreading of Italian Renaissance throughout Europe: Italian artists in France, native ones in German speaking areas and in Britain
11. National replicas: evolving classicism in France, German renaissance and Palladianism in Britain
12. The temporary freedom: baroque and rococo as intermezzo
13. Unified national tendencies: classicism in the second half of the 18th century
14. Diversifying options: romanticism

Teaching Method:

lectures

Assessment:

optional reduction test and exam

Bibliography:

E-books (as well)

Roth, Leland M.; Roth Clark, Amanda C., Understanding Architecture. Its Elements, History, and Meaning, 2018
Ching, Francis D. K.; Jarzombek, Mark M.; Prakash, Vikramaditya,
A Global History of Architecture, 2017
Harbison, Robert, Travels in the History of Architecture, 2011
Fletcher, Banister, Sir, A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method, 1953

Books

Gympel, Jan, The Story of Architecture: from Antiquity to the Present, 2008
Roth, Leland, M., Understanding Architecture. Its Elements, History and Meaning, 2nd edition, Westview Press, 2007
Ching, F., Jarzombek, M., Prakash, V., A global history of architecture, John Wiley ans Sons, Inc., New York, 2007
Moffett, M., Fazio, M., Wodehouse, L., A World History of Architecture, Laurence King ed., London 2003
Sutton, Ian, L’Architecture Occidentale de la Grèce antique à nos jours, Thames and Hudson SARL, Paris, (1999), 2001
Watkin, David, A history of western architecture, Laurence King ed., London, 2000
Hubala, Erich, Baroque & Rococo, London, 1989
Benevolo, Leonardo, The Architecture of the Renaissance, London, 1978
Blunt, Anthony (ed.), Baroque and Rococo: Architecture and Decoration, London, 1978
Wittkower, Rudolf, Palladio and English Palladianism, Londra, 1974
Portoghesi, Paolo, Rome of the Renaissance, London, 1972
Wittkower, Rudolf, Art and Architecture in Italy, 1600 - 1750, Harmondsworth, 1965
Busch, Harald, Lohse, Bernd, Baroque Europe, London, 1962
Wittkower, Rudolf, Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism, London, 1962
Mumford, Lewis, The City in History, London, 1961
Pevsner, Nikolaus, An Outline of European Architecture, Harmondsworth, 1943

Selected literature is provided at the beginning of each teaching cycle.

Notes:

This lecture is only partly the same with the one identified as IT-56.