The scientific knowledge needed for the optimum design of the building is a combination of structural elements with the complexity of the physical and the economical factors.
This course teaches the integration of different structural materials to achieve a functional product. Furthermore, the technological, organizational and economical factors are continuously present in the design process.
The course has the following goals:
1. Basic understanding of material properties, mainly masonry, concrete, reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete, wood and steel.
2. Ability to calculate the structural elements of a simple structure.
3. Ability to decide/select the appropriate structure: reinforced concrete vs masonry or wood vs steel.
4. Understanding of the main standards and regulations that govern the design process.
5. Ability of a correct usage of the main design codes for loading, structural materials, structures.
Basic principles. Buildings, structures, elements.
Loads, forces. Force moment. Force as a vector. Resultant force and moments. Analytical resultant of a system of forces.
Rigid body equilibrium without constraints. Moment of force with respect to a point. Constraints theory. Supports. Statically determinate and indeterminate structures.
Straight bars under tension, compression, bending, shear, torsion.
Loads-stresses differential relations. Axial, shear force and bending moments diagrams for beams and columns.
Structural materials: wood, steel, concrete, reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete, masonry.
Foundation structures and supporting soil. Difficult terrain environments. Building behavior on difficult terrain environments.
Evaluation of gravity loads for a five storey reinforced concrete structure.
Causes and effects of earthquakes. Seismic design and seismic performance. Structural properties: stiffness, strength, ductility. Essentials of structural systems for seismic resistance: - structural systems for seismic forces, gross seismic response, influence of building configuration on seismic response, structural classification in terms of design ductility level.
Evaluation of horizontal loads for a five storey reinforced concrete structure. Preliminary design of structural elements: slabs, beams, columns and foundations.
Performance based design.
Resultant of a system of forces. Center of gravity of plane figure
Computation of reactions for a simple supported beam
Axial force, shear force and bending moment diagrams
Simple wood or timber structure dimensioning
Preliminary design of reinforced concrete elements
Design of simple reinforced concrete section.
Lectures with digital image support. Guided practical exercises.
Class activity (10%)
Continuous evaluation + Practical exercises (30%)
Final evaluation (60%)