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The Faculty of Urbanism / Urban Design
2nd Year, sem 1, 2019-2020 | Compulsory Course | Hours/Week: 2C | ECTS Credits: 4

UP-64 | Town Protection Against Risks

Department: Urban and Landscape Design
Course Leader:
prof.dr.arh. Cristina Gociman
Teaching Staff:
Cerc.arh. Maria Dan Bostenaru
Learning outcomes:
A share of 66% of the whole urban population of Romania is at risk, mainly from the Vrancea seismic source, while floods, tornadoes, gas explosions, fire, terrorism represent also a threat. By aggressing, we become aggressed ourselves and the contemplation becomes an obsolete attitude, which changes exactly by implication. Our “cohabitation” with the hazards modifies the referecnce points of stability, compelling us to a receptive and anticipative permanent dynamic action, represented by the new type of risk managerial approach, a risk which aggresses the architectural and urban ecosystem – a symbolic expression of the existential space potentiated towards a permanent reconstruction.
However, in terms of disaster prevention, there are not widely used instruments in threat, likely to be exacerbated under hazards impact. There is a lack of an integrated approach to ensure resilience while preventing losing of landmarks as cultural and psycho-social components of memory and identity.
The cours project concerning:
-urban zoning on disaster protection criteria, with security areas, under a multi-hazard assessment, according to the risk class and possible number of affected people.
-pilot centers for emergency habitat, medical and social assistance
-a connection between the theory and history of architecture and urbanism and the management of risk reduction, by implementing the concept of secure habitual patrimony, with a case study of Bucharest protected area.
-a methodology for urban risk mitigation and a strategy, including the post-disaster reconstruction.
Content:
1. Ecology and ecosystem approach
2. The environment - holistic approach
3. Ecosystem architecture
4. Sustainable development
5. Hazard and disaster - specific terminology
6. Hazard mythology
7. Complex cosmic evolutions, geo-hydro-climatic - sources of natural hazards
8. Earthquake - geological hazard
9. Volcanic eruptions - Geological Hazard
10. The landslide - geological hazard
11. Giant waves - geological hazard
12. Precipitation - weather hazard
13. Heavy snow falls, avalanche - weather hazards
14. Wind, storm, cyclone, hurricane - weather hazards
15. Lightning, thunder and lightning - weather hazard
16. Drought - weather hazard
17. Floods – Hydrological hazard
18. Celestial bodies fall - cosmic hazard
19. Deforestation - anthropogenic hazard
20. Pollution - anthropogenic hazard
21. Armed conflicts and terrorism - man-made hazard
22. Fire – mass fire - complex hazard
23. Desertification - complex hazard complex
24. Explosions - complex hazard
25. Dam lakes solicitations - complex hazard
26. Chemical Accident - complex hazard
27. Nuclear Accidents - complex hazard
28. Transfrontier movement of people - complex hazard
29. Epidemic - complex hazard
30. Landscape aggression - complex hazard
31. Disaster econometrics
32. International requirements
33. Global phases
34. Risk analysis - foundation of territorial and urban planning regulations
35. Implementation of sustainable design principles
36. Design of neighborhood units - non-structural measures for disaster risk reduction
37. Rise of the institutional and educational involvment - non-structural measures for risk reduction
38. Legislative approach - non-structural measures for disaster risk reduction
39. Temporary habitat
Teaching Method:
Illustrated and commented exposure
Case Studies
Assessment:
Intervention projects about multihazard analysis, vulnerability, to reduce risk by planning strategies and preparing and presenting a paper on a theme set at mid-semester.
Bibliography:
Gociman Cristina Olga - Managementul reducerii riscului la dezastre. Strategii de arhitectura si urbanism, Bucuresti, 2006
Gociman Cristina Olga - Tipologia hazardului si dezvoltarea durabila. Generalitati, concept, problematica, Bucuresti, 2000
Maria Bostenaru - Housing in Bucharest, Romania. An Analysis of Vulnerability to Earthquakes, Göttingen, 2010
Maria Bostenaru -Vernacular and Modernist Housing in Germany and Romania, An Analysis of Vulnerability to Earthquake, Göttingen, 2010
David E. Alexander - Principles of emergency planning and management, Oxford, 2002
Thomas D. Schneid, Larry Collins - Disaster management and preparedness , 2001
Thomas Glade, Paola Albini, Félix Francés - The use of historical data in natural hazard assessments, 2001
Sergiei Balassanian, Armando Cisternas, Mikael Melkumyan - Earthquake hazard and seismic risk reduction , 2000
Illustration by Laura Cristea and Cristina Popescu
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