ST-15 Buildings' Physics (1)

The Faculty of Interior Architecture / Interior Architecture
4th Year, sem 1, 2023-2024 | Compulsory Course | Hours/Week: 2C | ECTS Credits: 2
Department:
Technical Sciences
Course Leader:
conf. Radu Pană
Learning outcomes:
Knowledge of bioclimatic environment agents: heat, water, sunlight, sound, biologic etc.
Understanding the complex inter-relation between human - architecture - environment.
Ability to guarantee building user's hygrothermic, natural light and acoustic comfort.
Capacity to correlate building physics elements with physiologic and psychological aspects, with specific building assemblies as a whole and in detail and with architectural aesthetic.
Content:
Physical, physiological and spatial acoustics. Phonoabsorbtion, phonoinsulation.
Principles and details of phonoabsorbant structures. Porous material, vibrant membranes, rezonators. Complex phonoabsorbant structures. Principles and details of phono-insulant structures. Simple and double heavy walls, light walls, doors and windows.
Acoustic protection in buildings, regarding exterior and interior noise. Principles and general measures; methodology to assure the minimum required protection against airborn and structural noise for usual situations.
Acoustical study of spaces with acoustical destination. Criteria, principles and solutions.
Energy exchange between human-building-environment; heat as a form of energy; ways of heat migration.
Thermophysiology; hygrothermic comfort. Stationary hygrothermic hypothesis; heat transfer through opaque and transparent building elements. Water vapour diffusion through building elements.
Continuity of thermal protection of building anvelope; thermal bridges; hole anvelope thermic performance: global coefficient G. Annual thermal balance of a building. Non-stationary hygrothermic hypothesis.
Ways of improving hygrothermic performance through architectural design; typical design details for key-points of building anvelope.
Natural light; physical properties. Methods of determination of natural lighting: analytical methed, points nomogram method.
The Sun; Sun-Earth relationhip; real movement of Earth aroud the Sun; seasons; apparent movement of Sun; Sun coordinates. Sunpath diagram.
Shadow mask: concept, ways of construction. Selective control of sunlight with Sunpath diagram and shadow mask.
Teaching Method:
Lectures, illustrated with computer video projection. 2 application individual works during semester weeks.
Assessment:
Final grade is made of 40% continuous evaluation (2 application works) and 60% final evaluation (multiple choise test)
Bibliography:
PANĂ, R FIZICA CONSTRUCȚIILOR. HIGROTERMICA. INSORIRE ȘI PROTECȚIE SOLARĂ - Editura Universitară "Ion Mincu" 2010
STAN, A Fizica Construcțiilor – Partea I (Higrotermica) – breviar UAUIM
*** C107 Norm series, Buletinul Construcțiilor - 2002, 2005
MICLESCU, S Lumina naturală și lumina artificială în arhitectură – breviar UAUIM
OPREANU, M Fizica Construcțiilor – Partea a doua – breviar UAUIM
OLGYAY & OLGYAY Solar control & shading devices
*** Daylighting in Architecture. A European Reference Book
SMIGELSCHI, M Acustica în arhitectură – breviar UAUIM