ST-92 Ceramics, Glass, Resins and Composite Materials

The Faculty of Interior Architecture / Furniture and Interior Design
3rd Year, sem 2, 2020-2021 | Compulsory Course | Hours/Week: 2C | ECTS Credits: 2
Technical Sciences
Course Leader:
conf.dr.arh Gabriela Mindu
Learning outcomes:

Starting from the basic knowledge acquired during previous studies, through this course students will understand the main characteristics of the building materials studied, the limits which determine the design of these products, they will size the components, will establish design criteria of form, in conjunction the process of manufacturing, assembly possibilities and for decoration. Will know the types of materials, their classification and the main areas of use of ceramics, glass, plastic or composite materials. Understand the mechanisms reinforcing fiber arrays of various different manufacturing processes and product design properties or important parts of a whole. Will finally know the various products studied materials with applications in interior architecture, furniture and object design.
Will acquire the ability to choose the most suitable polymer materials and composites with outstanding performance and low environmental impact possible. Will acquire the ability to develop new products functional and environment-friendly composite, an approach that is closely related to the industry and raw material suppliers on the internal market.
One objective of this course is to make easier the integration of graduates in the field of industry and complementary domains through knowledge gained, but also to facilitate the assimilation of concepts useful for the preparation of diploma project and Bachelor's or Master's Degree.
Presenting the latest research in the field of construction materials will be useful for the development of creative imagination and aesthetic sense. They will better understand the context of interdependence between architecture, object design and the other arts.


1. Ceramics - general concepts, groups of ceramics: oxide, non-oxide, refractories; Properties.
2. Ceramics - binders, pigments, abrasive; Traditional and advanced ceramics products
3. Glass - composition, properties. Types of glass
4. Glass - traditional and contemporary glass techniques
5. Glass - other types of glass in design and furniture
6. Plastics and resins - general concepts, properties of macromolecular compounds; classifications, types of thermoplastic, thermosettings and elastomers. Auxiliary materials and additives
7. Plastics - forming processes in plastics products; preparation of plastics; injection molding
8. Plastics - injection molding - thermoforming; extrusion molding; thermoforming; calendering, sintering process; compression molding; casting molding. Plastic coatings
9. Plastics - design of plastic components. Assembly design of plastic parts
10. Plastics - decorating technology. Finishing processes for plastics
11. Composites - definition and classification of composite materials. Composites applications
12. Composites - types of fiber for reinforced composites: glass fibers, basalt fibers, ceramic fibers, metal fibers, textile fibers, carbon fibers, aramide fibers, boron fibers
13. Composites - types of matrix used in composites: polymer matrix, metal matrix, ceramic matrix, carbon and graphite matrix. Principles of the manufacturing of composite materials
14. Composite materials - properties. Composite products for the field of interior architecture, furniture and object design

Teaching Method:

Theoretical course illustrated with multimedia presentations. Each chapter of the 4 will be accompanied by commenting on certain types of products, their features, compatibilities and incompatibilities. Will be analyzed comparatively product design principles that category of material and finishing options, and comments on objects made from this material accompanied by discussions with experts in the field.


- 40% - activity during the semester. Teams of 4-5 students will be formed who will elaborate during the semester, only the technological phase of an existing product design project, whose concept was previously realized at the Design Studio. The choice of the project belongs to the course holder considering the objectives of the discipline. Each student involved in the team study will have his own contribution in the study, so it can be evaluated both and individually. The final mark is obtained according to the personal contribution of each student.
- 10% - attendance at project analysis and courses
- 50% - final exam: final lecture of the technological stage of the project developed in the team.

According to the University’s regulations, the attendance to at least 50% of the classes is compulsory for the student to be allowed to participate at the exam.
The technological stage of the project goes by email, in the formats requested by the course holder and will be least 1 week before the session to ask questions and make a first assessment.
Students who do not present the final study of the technological stage of the project cannot be accepted at the final exam, being declared absent even if the contribution to the elaboration of the project, during the semester, was considerable.


Minimum bibliography :
1. MINDU SAVU, Gabriela; EVI, Lucreția, Tehnologia materialelor plastice, Edit. Univ. I. Mincu, București, 2005;
2. SUCIU, Valeria; SUCIU, Marcel-Valeriu, Studiul materialelor, Edit. Fair Partners, București, 2008;
3. ROȘU, Cristina, Știinṭa și ingineria materialelor, suport de curs, Univ. “Babeș-Bolyai” Cluj-Napoca, 2014;
4. ȘEREȘ Ion, Materiale termoplastice pentru injectare, tehnologie, încercări, Oradea, 2003

Specialized Bibliography :
Library names abreviations :
BCU - Central Universitary Library
BNR - National Library of Romania

1. YGLESIAS, Carren, The Innovative Use of Materials in Architecture and Landscape Architecture: History, Theory and Performance, Ed. McFarland and Company, Inc., 2014
2. KING, Peter, Architectural Ceramics For The Studio Potter: designing, building, installing, Ed. Lark Books, Stirling Publishing Co., Inc, New York, 1999;
3. O'BANNON, Loran, Dictionary of Ceramic Science and Engineering, Ed. Plenum, New York, 1984 / BCU - UNITATEA CENTRALĂ: III445086

1. HALDIMANN, Matthias; LUIBLE, Andreas; OVEREND Mauro, Structural Use of Glass, Ed. International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, Zürich, 2008;
2. BOS, Freek; LOUTER, Christian; VEER, Fred (eds.), Challenging Glass, Conference of Architectural and Structural Applications of Glass, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Ed. IOS Press, Delft University Press, 2008;
3. SHELBY, J. E., Introduction To Glass Science and Technology, 2-nd Ed., Ed. The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 2005;
4. VARSHNEYA, K. Arun, Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses, Ed. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, 1994;
5. ZARZYCHI, J., Glases and The Vitreous State, Ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, English Edition, 1991;
6. NORMAN, Barbara, Engraving and Decorating Glass. Methods and Techniques, Ed. Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1987;

Plastics and Resins:
1. HUBCA, Gheorghe, Materiale plastice, Vol. I, București, Edit. Semne, 2012 / BCU - UNITATEA CENTRALĂ: III493212, CHIMIE: C;
2. VULUGA, Zina; DONESCU, Dan; VULUGA, Dumitru Mircea, Materiale Compozite polimerice termoplastice, Edit. Ars Docendi, București, 2008 / BCU - UNITATEA CENTRALĂ: III489192, CHIMIE: []
3. ȘEREȘ, Ion, Matrițe de injectat, Oradea, 1999;
4. ȘEREȘ, Ion, Matrițe de injectat în exemple. Soluții constructive, exemple de matrițe, date utile, Oradea, 1997;
5. HORUN, S, PĂUNICĂ, T., Memorator de materiale plastice, București, 1988;
6. *** Procese și utilaje în industria de prelucrare a compușilor macromoleculari, București, 1976;

1. ROWELL, M. Roger (ed.), Handbook of Wood Composites, Ed.Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton, 2005 / BNR ISBN 0-8493-1588-3;
2. RADU, D.; Dima V., Matrici oxidice armate cu fibre vitroase, Edit. Matrix Rom, București, 2002
3. RADU, D.; Iovu, H., Materiale polimerice armate cu fibre oxidice vitroase, Editura Printech, București, 2001;
4. TOMA, N., Materiale compozite ceramice, Edit. Printech, București, 2001;
5. TOMA, N., Compozite ceramică - ceramică, Edit. Printech, București, 2001;
6. HUBCA, Gheorghe; IOVU, Horia; TOMESCU, Margareta...[et al.], Materiale compozite, Edit.Tehnică, București, 1999 / BCU - UNITATEA CENTRALĂ: III472353, CHIMIE: C;
7. BROCKE, P.; SCHURMANS, H.; VERHOEST, J., Inorganic Fibres & Composite Materials, EPO Applied Technology Series, Vol. 3, Pergamon International Information Corporation, USA, 1990