BP1-5 Architectural Design Studio / Theory of Architectural Design (1.2)

The Faculty of Architecture / Architecture
1st Year, sem 1, 2021-2022 | Compulsory Course | Hours/Week: 1L+12P | ECTS Credits: 4
Basics of Architectural Design
Course Leader:
conf.dr.arh Melania Dulămea
Teaching Staff:
conf. dr. arh. Bogdan Fezi , șef lucr dr. arh. Alexandru Călin, șef lucr. dr. arh. Andrei Șerbescu, conf. dr. arh. Robert Negru, conf. dr. arh. Maria Enache, șef lucr. dr. arh. Dragoș Neamțu, șef lucr. dr. arh. Ana-Maria Goilav , conf. dr. arh. Daniel Comșa, șef lucr dr. arh. Stefan Radocea, șef lucr dr. arh. Ana Maria Crișan, șef lucrari dr. arh. Adrian Moleavin, șef lucrări dr. arh. Daniela Calciu, șef lucr dr. arh. Cosmin Pavel, șef lucr dr. arh. Ionuț Nedelcu, sef lucr dr. arh. Cristina Constantin
Learning outcomes:

[architectural representation]
• Use, development and improvement of architectural representation tools;
• Discovering and using the model as a way of volumetric representation of space. Understanding the capabilities, roles and functions of this tool to represent space;
• Operating with different graphic scales in drawing and layout and understanding the different roles and functions that each scale has;
• Comparative investigation between different representation techniques and choosing an appropriate way for the purpose of the exercise;
• Understanding and operating with the representative series;

[analytical and critical]
• Clarification and definition of the specific characteristics of the 6 spatial typologies studied;
• Training and development of the ability to identify the characteristics of a building and to classify it in a spatial typology;
• Training and development of the capacity to synthesize the specific characteristics of the architectural typologies and to operate with them;

[architectural space]
• Training and development of skills to associate spatial typologies and their specific characteristics and qualities to architectural intentions;
• Exploring and clarifying the specific characteristics of architectural typologies by imagining new spaces belonging to a certain spatial typology;
• Operating with the basic elements of space production in proposing spaces with intention and significance;
• Understanding and operating with notions such as system, rhythm, plot, etc .;
• Understanding and operating with the different spatial configurations specific to the studied typologies;

• Cultivating the spirit of cooperation and co-organization, in accordance with the principles of teamwork.


Exercise 2 (I) / SPECIES OF SPACES. MODELS 02 - Reference, reading, representation.
As a continuation of the first exercise, also in teams of two or maximum three people, you will choose one of the buildings already studied and you will investigate it more closely, examining it as a mentor. You will discover the potential of representation by scale drawings and conventional pieces such as plans, sections, elevations, axonometric views, details.
Subsequently, you will try to identify and study the relationships that are formed between the characteristics previously observed: between the shape of the space and its constructive-structural composition, between program / location / context and the scale or expression of the building, between spatial organization and movement / traversal , between the type of space and light, between the shape of space, its constructive-structural composition and the visual relationships created, etc.
At the same time, also as a team, you will work on a series of three - four own, incipient proposals, of some spaces that will continue the studied spatial characteristics and will focus exclusively on them, remaining inside the typology chosen at the beginning.
Proposals will also be placed in a comparative system, at the choice of the studio (eg in the form of a similar matrix and with the same type of representation as the reference series). You will accompany these proposals with paper models , as simple and eloquent as possible.
Finally, each of you will choose and develop one of the proposals through a personal drawing and a paper model, at a scale that remains to be established in each studio.

Teaching Method:

Individual critique, collective critique, multimedia presentations, study sheets, project sketches.


Projects: on the basis of individual presentations of the projects (judging sessions and grading in the worksop / department).


Francis CHING, Architecture. Form, Space and Order, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007
Roger H. CLARK, Michael PAUSE, Precedents in Architecture: Analytic Diagrams, Formative Ideas, and Partis, John Wiley & Sons, 2005
Andrea DEPLAZES, Constructing Architecture. Materials, Processes, Structures. A Handbook, Birkhauser, 2005
Pierre von MEISS, Elements of Architecture. From Form to Place + Tectonics, EPFL Press, 2013 /// De la forma la loc + Tectonica: O introducere în studiul arhitecturii, Editura Capitel Avangarde, 2015
Rafael MONEO, ”On Typology” în: Oppositions, 1978:13, MIT Press, pp.22-45
Steen Eiler RASMUSSEN, Experiencing Architecture, MIT Press, 1962
Bruno ZEVI, Cum să înțelegem arhitectura, Editura Tehnică, 1969